The Western idea of meditation is probably more of a Buddhist interpretation, although the practice by Buddhists or yogis is much the same. BKS Iyengar translation from Patanjal’s yoga sutra 3.02 is “A steady continuous flow of attention directed towards the same point or region is meditation (dhyana)”. So it is something that is achieved through practice, not the practice itself, and it follows after the mastery of asana and pranayama.